When I wrote the post on Breastmilk and its components compared to Coca-Cola (found HERE) , I decided that it would be a good idea to also write a post on Breastmilk compared to formula. I not only want to go over their ingredients difference, but, also the preparation, their availability, their sterility and more. I want to break apart both down to last bit and show the distinct difference between the two. I will start with the ingredients and move on from there.
This is the ingredients for formula:
Partially hydrolyzed reduced minerals whey protein concentrate (from cow’s milk)
High oleic safflower oil (or sunflower oil)
M. alpina oil (Fungal DHA)
C.cohnii oil (Algal ARA)
Vitamin A acetate
L-Carnitine (a combination of two different amino acids)
Disodium uridine 5-monophosphate
Disodium guanosine 5-monophosphate
This is the ingredients list for breastmilk:
Carbohydrates (energy source)
Oligosaccharides (see below)
Alpha hydroxy acid
Proteins (building muscles and bones)
HAMLET (Human Alpha-lactalbumin Made Lethal to Tumour cells)
Many antimicrobial factors (see below)
Peptides (see below)
Amino Acids (the building blocks of proteins)
Carnitine (amino acid compound necessary to make use of fatty acids as an energy source)
Nucleotides (chemical compounds that are the structural units of RNA and DNA)
5’-Adenosine monophosphate (5”-AMP)
3’:5’-Cyclic adenosine monophosphate (3’:5’-cyclic AMP)
5’-Cytidine monophosphate (5’-CMP)
Cytidine diphosphate choline (CDP choline)
Guanosine diphosphate (UDP)
Guanosine diphosphate - mannose
3’- Uridine monophosphate (3’-UMP)
5’-Uridine monophosphate (5’-UMP)
Uridine diphosphate (UDP)
Uridine diphosphate hexose (UDPH)
Uridine diphosphate-N-acetyl-hexosamine (UDPAH)
Uridine diphosphoglucuronic acid (UDPGA)
Several more novel nucleotides of the UDP type
Long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids
Docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) (important for brain development)
Arachidonic acid (AHA) (important for brain development)
Alpha-linolenic acid (ALA)
Eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA)
Conjugated linoleic acid (Rumenic acid)
Free Fatty Acids
Monounsaturated fatty acids
Saturated fatty acids
Globoside (GB4) Sterols
Vitamin D metabolites
Vitamin B8 (Inositol)
Molybdenum (essential element in many enzymes)
Growth Factors (aid in the maturation of the intestinal lining)
Granulocyte-colony stimulating factor (G-CSF)
Macrophage-colony stimulating factor (M-CSF)
Platelet derived growth factors (PDGF)
Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)
Hepatocyte growth factor -α (HGF-α)
Tumor necrosis factor-α
Epithelial growth factor (EGF)
Transforming growth factor-α (TGF-α)
Insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) (also known as somatomedin C)
Insulin-like growth factor- II
Nerve growth factor (NGF)
Peptides (combinations of amino acids)
HMGF I (Human growth factor)
Parathyroid hormone (PTH)
Parathyroid hormone-related peptide (PTHrP)
Bombesin (gastric releasing peptide, also known as neuromedin B)
Hormones (chemical messengers that carry signals from one cell, or group of cells, to another
via the blood)
Thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) (also known as thyrotropin)
Thyroid releasing hormone (TRH)
Gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH)
Leptin (aids in regulation of food intake)
Ghrelin (aids in regulation of food intake)
Feedback inhibitor of lactation (FIL)
Prostaglandins (enzymatically derived from fatty acids)
Enzymes (catalysts that support chemical reactions in the body)
Antiproteases (thought to bind themselves to macromolecules such as enzymes and as a result
prevent allergic and anaphylactic reactions)
Antimicrobial factors (are used by the immune system to identify and neutralize foreign objects,
such as bacteria and viruses.
Leukocytes (white blood cells)
B lymphocytes (also known as B cells)
T lymphocytes (also known as C cells)
sIgA (Secretory immunoglobulin A) (the most important antiinfective factor)
Mucins (attaches to bacteria and viruses to prevent
them from clinging to mucousal tissues)
Bifidus Factor (increases growth of Lactobacillus bifidus - which is a
Lactoferrin (binds to iron which prevents harmful bacteria from using the
iron to grow)
B12 binding protein (deprives microorganisms of vitamin B12)
Fibronectin (makes phagocytes more aggressive, minimizes inflammation, and repairs
damage caused by inflammation)
Oligosaccharides (more than 200 different kinds!)
Yeah, so you can see...there is a major difference just in ingredients.
Let's look at the nutrition level of both.
Now let's talk "How to prepare"...
How to prepare a bottle of formula:
Wash your hands and the equipment you will use with hot soapy water and rinse well.
Sterilize all equipment by boiling in a pan of water until it comes to a boil. Place lid on pot and leave equipment in the water until needed.
Clean and disinfect the surface where you will be making the bottle, along with your hands.
Boil some water in a pan until it comes to a rolling boil. Do not let it get below 70 degrees Celsius.
Read formula can and place the exact amount of water in the bottle along with the exact amount of formula.
Place lid on bottle and swirl to stir.
hold bottle under cool running water to cool down to the correct feeding temp.
(By the way, powdered formula is NOT sterile and MUST be made with HOT water in order to kill any bacteria in it)
How to prepare to breastfeed:
Undo shirt and bra cup latch(if you have one on) and latch baby on.
What a difference huh? All you really need to do to nurse a baby is latch it on. With a formula feeder, you need time and preparation if you do it correctly. Most people don't get the water that hot before they make the formula. I wonder How many babies were diagnosed with a stomach bug instead of formula mishap and improper prep? I can imagine it's a lot...
Equipment needed for formula feeding:
Equipment needed to breastfeed:
(Anything beyond the is a want, not a need)
Cost of formula:
Approx: $20/can (which lasts 2 weeks for a newborn) so, $40/month, $480/yr if that is all they drank, but, we all know babies drink far more as they get older. So, let's at least double that number. $960...and that's only if it costs $20/can.
Cost of nursing:
$0 It's free.
Another thing is Breastmilk contains antibodies and more that formula will NEVER contain. It changes as your child grows and gets older, formula does not. You don't have to lug bottles and formula, nor worry if you prepared it correctly. You never have to worry if you have enough money to buy a can of formula if you nurse. If baby goes to sleep with a bottle of formula in it's mouth, you run the risk of bottle rot on it's teeth because of the sugars in it. Ew. If baby goes to sleep with a boob in it's mouth, you don't have to worry. Breastmilk has antimicrobial properties that keep it from happening. The breast is even a great way to develop baby's mouth properly unlike a bottle nipple which causes an unnatural palate and jaw structure.
Another big kicker is the breast cancer connection. Formula feeding does nothing to help. Breastfeeding lowers baby's chances and mommas chance of developing breast cancer. That alone should make some women jump on this chance.